The biggest brick dome in the world is located in Soltanieh city, Zanjan province. Gonbad e Soltanieh is the Third biggest dome in the world. It was built in 1302-12. The city of Soltanieh was the capital of Persian’s Ilkhanid dynasty and the king Mohammad Khodabandeh (Oljaytu). He decided to build this building as a new shrine for Imam Ali but he was not permitted to transfer the body. Oljaytu died 2 years after the accomplishment of the building and was buried there. His mausoleum is added to UNESCO World Heritage Site List. its great architecture, design, using natural elements and material and the fact that it is still firm after 700 years attract every visitor.
the dome has 50 mt high covered by shiny blue tile, and the building is made by bricks. This is the first dome in Iran that is double-shelled. It has 160 cm thickness. there is an empty space in 60 cm between two domes. the free space between the domes reduces the damage of probable earth quick. The dome covers an octagonal room and eight walls with a width of 78.6 mt transfer the 200 tons weight of the dome.
The building is on 4 floors. The first floor is a wide room designed for ceremonies. The second one is a balcony for women to watch the ceremonies. the third one is 27.80 higher than the floor includes rooms that are made outside of the dome room and have a wonderful view. These rooms were a place for student and religious teacher and leaders to talk and have discussions together.
The 4Th floor is on the roof. they could walk on it and fix the dome if it is needed. It has 8 minarets there. to help the building stay firm during an earthquake.
The beautiful stucco works, tile, and decorations are so fine. The main color that has been used in decoration is a different spectrum of blue.
iran vacation packages is amazing.you travel to iran in vacation and go to iranian cultural celebrated